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UFS scientists say that the effects of Vredefort can lead to extinction of humans.

The 8,000-year-old Khoi-San carved hippopotamus. Photo: UFS provided

JOHANNESBURG – Major scientists are attempting to study the impact of meteorites crashed into Earth from South Africa billions of years ago and became known as the Vredefort impact structure.

The dinosaurs imply a greater impact than the destruction of dinosaurs and the extinction of humans.

Scientists are about 290 km from the largest meteor crater in the University of the Free State (UFS), with an initial diameter of 300 km and over 2 billion years is the oldest cratered crater on Earth.

They will undertake research on the destruction caused by large ancient meteorites that can hold decisive clues to the history, mechanism and outcome of the meteorite strike on Earth and elsewhere in the solar system.

The result of this work means a better understanding of the impact of such an impact and the greater safety of the Earth.

The vast crater is also fascinating for human benefit from the early humans who used it as a center of cultural significance and left a piece of rock as evidence of their existence. It was a great spiritual meaning to match Stonehenge's circle of circles in England.

In South Africa, Khoi-San clearly understood that the rocks found on the surface are unique and important.

The impacting meteorite was traveling 70,000 kilometers an hour when it hit the earth. The impact on our planet has been dynamic and changing for thousands of years.

The recent meteor impact findings in Scotland are very small.

"If a person existed at the time of Scottish influence, it would have destroyed the entire Scottish community, while the influence of Vredefort would have resulted in human extinction on Earth," the UFS statement speculated.

The University said the study of the Vredefort impact structure will look specifically at the Granophyre dykes, the only remnants of the eroded shocked molten sheet that have penetrated downwards through fractures at the bottom of the crater.

Crater gold

In addition to the planetary-scale importance of crash events, some of the crash craters are related to deposits.

South Africa's Vredefort impact structure is located in the heart of the Witwatersrand gold mine, and the richness, location and accessibility of gold minerals are clearly linked to the impact structure. The impact structure is a scientist who studies the UFS crater by concentrating or concentrating the surrounding gold mines.

The impact structure thus influenced the economic interests of the region, resulting in the city of Johannesburg, one of the largest cities on the African continent.

The team of international scientists is led by Dr. Matthew S. Huber, Ph.D., a senior researcher at the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein, a department of natural and agricultural sciences and geology.

Professor Francois Fourie, professor of natural and agricultural sciences, Institute for Groundwater Research, Dr. Elizaveta Kovaleva, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Geology; Martin D. Clark Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Geology and Liezel Blomerus Professor of Anthropology, Department of Anthropology.

Huber says: "It is important to develop a better understanding of history, mechanisms and outcomes because impact events can potentially pose a threat to life with the ability to change the development of the entire planet.

"By studying the traces of earth's shock events, we can reconstruct the mechanisms of such processes and gain a deeper understanding of our own ecosystems and origins.

"The Vredefort impact was huge – it was bigger than the impact of killing the dinosaurs, and if it happens today, civilization might be over. We have three such crash craters on earth, the Chicxulub crater that killed dinosaurs, the Sudbury crater of Canada and the Vredefort crater I know only.

"The real feature of Vredefort is that you can see deep structures beneath this massive crash crater, not only about what happened at the time of the crash, but also how it was adjusted and moved for thousands of years For many years after being affected. "

"We are convinced that the asteroid that caused the Vredefort collision is about 10-15 kilometers in diameter, and many space programs around the world are tracking asteroids that are potentially dangerous to life on Earth."

Huber discovered that there are hundreds of asteroids with diameters of at least 1 km that can cause massive devastation if they affect the earth. Fortunately, none of these asteroids currently seem to be in conflict with Earth.

On the subject of the early man to the crater, Huber says: "We think one of the reasons why the mountain is interested in the granophyre bank of the crater is that the embankment resembles the shape of Rain Snake.

"The location of dykes on top of hills, near water, and in the form of important gods may have allowed them to do ceremonies and other important cultural activities that could bring down the rain. I will show you more about how it was used. "

Observations of rocks such as the Moon, Mars, and asteroids have revealed that impact craters are common throughout the solar system. The collision of meteorites caused scars on the surface of the earth, and some of these impacts had a major impact on Earth.

A powerful meteor shock, known as the Chikuru ub collision of 65 million years ago, has killed 65% of the earth's life, including dinosaurs.

On Earth, erosion and active plate structures remove the meteor impact craters relatively quickly from the surface. When crater craters are exposed to the surface, they are often used by people who live in this area for cultural purposes.

This structure is easily accessible for sampling and research, providing an opportunity to study this collision crater.

Vredefort is a shock structure ideal for studying deeply eroded without being modified by any major crustal events due to its position in the Kaapvaal craton, which can be seen from anywhere else on earth and is accessible from the surface .

In addition, there are early people, Khoi-San petroglyphs, rock shelters, pottery and sculptures and cultural significance. This gives you the opportunity to improve your knowledge of "First Peoples" in South Africa.

Research Goals

UFS combines geological and cultural surveys to provide a unique perspective on the scientifically advanced and human-based Vredefort impact structure.

The proposed Friedrich University Vredefort collision structure study will be seen at the Granophyre embankment, which is the only remnant of the current eroded molten sheet that has penetrated downward through the fracture at the bottom of the crater.

Because the impact melts have penetrated downward and trapped rock fragments on the way, the rocks can provide long-eroded and inaccessible rock specimens.

Such a sample allows observation of the impact microstructure formed in the target rocks located near the initial surface of the earth at the time of impact. Studying granophyre dykes can answer many geological questions.

The questions that the UFS research team is curious about are: 1) What does the Vredefort structure look like? And 2) what constituted it before erosion?

Since this granophyre dike exposed by erosion has been used as a place of consciousness by the Koi-san culture, the above goal in terms of heritage provides great potential to contribute to the existing knowledge system in scientific and aesthetic sense. This site.

By studying the impact structure on both macroscopic and microscopic scale, the UFS team will make a significant contribution to the knowledge and awareness of conflict conflicts, processes and outcomes attached to processes and heritage ranges that arise during large-scale impact events.

These geological observations and results can be applied to other planets, which can enhance understanding of the moon, Mars and other planets. In terms of heritage range.

Their results will contribute to the anthropological knowledge of the concept of "living" heritage as well as the socio-cultural realities of Khoi-San in free countries.

The Vredefort Impact Structure is a UNESCO World Heritage Site based on its social culture, aesthetic, conservational, historical and scientific significance.

In addition, the site has the traces of San rock art representing material artifacts attached to specific socio-cultural realities. This rock art venue is part of the South African heritage.

However, the anthropological literature on mountains is limited to countries such as South Africa's Western Cape, northern Cape, Botswana and Namibia. There is a lack of anthropological understanding of the mountains of free nations and conception of heritage.

This work will enhance the scientific understanding of the collision-differentiation process. It will also contribute to the scholarly understanding of the heritage importance of this site along with specific references to Khoi-San.

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