Earth's moon greed. An increasingly professional choir prepares to take this "eighth continent" as the nearest world of natural resources at the edge of the Earth's gravity.
Aside from the fantastic enthusiasm, clarity is level one. You need the right combination of vision, moon moolah bully, make-it-happen skills and political will. Untie the moon.
Recent reports – "Commercial lunar propulsion construction: joint research on lunar propellant productionNASA, moon scientists, space lawyers, and others are focusing on the use of rocket fuel to extract water from the moon's permanently shaded areas.
See Also: House of the Moon: How to build a lunar colony (infographic)
The report explained that the space-based supply of propellants, along with the reusable top-level and lander, has long been thought of as a key to cost-effective access to most of the inner solar system.
Moreover, recent month's polar fuel identification provides an access point to space supply lines. This study suggests that recharging can "linearize" the rocket equation.
Over 170 pages of the assessment do not have the belief that "gold is useless in the desert and water can not be redeemed."
Past science missions month The sun-hesitation area at the base of the moon provided direct evidence that it is a reservoir of water ice. Once identified through ground truths, these resources can be separated by hydrogen and oxygen through electrolysis. Oxygen can be used to sustain life, and hydrogen and oxygen can be burned for rocket propulsion.
But there is more. This paper argues that the moon's shallow gravity wells can export entirely water-extracted products to create entirely new economic opportunities.
Celestial equality factor
Studies have shown that 500 tonnes (450 tonnes) of processed lunar propellants of 2,005 tonnes (2,450 tonnes) are required in the short term Water of the moonWe generate $ 2.4 billion in sales annually.
It is a heavenly car-ching factor that should not be ignored. The report said that the initial investment in this operation for the cost of luxury hotels in Las Vegas is estimated at $ 4 billion.
Angel Abbud-Madrid, director of the Center for Space and Resource Resources at the Golden Colorado School, said: "This was a very important and thorough joint effort by industry, government, and academics with detailed and realistic analysis.
"We take the approach, the challenges and the results of harvesting and treating the moon's polar ice as the basis for a lunar, monthly, and earth-orbit economy," he told Space.com.
The report provides concrete proposals for both the public and private sectors to cooperate and accelerate, Madrid said. "Literally, the rock of the moon" has nothing left! "
relation; Photo: Water of the Moon Search
However, the report also acknowledged that commercial lunar propellant systems will be an enormous undertaking. A step-by-step approach is recommended. Each step increases the maturity of technology, increases the level of investment, and develops markets and customers.
For example, the report outlines the phased development program. To establish business viability and ensure adequate funding, you must complete the following items at the same time as the next step or completion:
– Establish NASA and other proposed benchmarks with regard to propellant demand, pricing, and location of use as a customer base.
– Perform polar exploration and scientific exploration of the moon.
– Develop improved space laws to facilitate commercial use of moon resources.
– Organize commercial lunar propellant companies to manage several subcontractors.
– Secure investment for technology development and maturity.
As recorded in the report Potential legal issues.
"There are many challenges for these emerging space mining companies, most of which are technical, but others need legitimate solutions," the report points out.
According to this report, there are some possible problems. In order for the moon digging to actually begin, you must first ascertain the right to own the extracted resource along with the priority for the mining claim. Just as regulatory clarity is required without undue regulation, noninterference in mining operations must also be a guiding factor.
It leads to consensus.
Announcing a new report is George Sowers, a professor of space science at the Colorado School Mining Zone.
"NASA senior management was a major goal, and we sought to make an effort to make the moon's ice for the production of propellants," Sowers told Space.com. His main goal is to reach consensus in the future.
Sowers, an ally of NASA, "is pushing for the use of on-site resources for the lunar propellant. [ISRU] It can be part of the basic month's return program, but success is limited. Some heavyweights attacks are opposing. "
The same old mystery
Sowers said that it was like the old mystery: "If you have not done it before, you can not make it part of the baseline, but if you are not part of the baseline, you will not get a few pennies.
Sowers said one of the purposes of this report was to show that all the individual parts of the commercial lunar propellant construction are simple.
On a note of further encouragement, Sowers feels that the Moon ISRU may be getting towed worthy by NASA this year. But he added, "When I see it, I will believe it."
Leonard David is the author of the book, "Moon Rush: The New Space Race," which will be published by National Geographic in May 2019. Space.com's long-time writer David has been reporting on the space industry for over 50 years. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom or Facebook.