Argentina is the country with the highest obesity rates among children under 5 and male adults, according to a report by the United States Health Organization (PAHO) in Latin America in 2017.
Obesity is a chronic disease that requires comprehensive treatment through healthy diet, anti-aging activity, emotional control, drug use, gastric ballooning, and, in extreme cases, bariatric surgery.
"Obesity is a serious public health problem described as a century 's epidemic that is used worldwide for a variety of economic and human resources for prevention and treatment, but now it has isolated positive outcomes," said Francisco D & # 39; Onofrio, Tucumán An expert at Nutrition, author and supervisor of the Department of Health's Obesity Program.
D & # 39; "Obesity affects all individuals who do not respect age, gender, race or socio-economic levels," Onofrio asserted.
According to WHO, obesity and overweight are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that can be harmful to the health of individuals and communities.
"The disease is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, hypertension, increased incidence of acute myocardial infarction, other chronic diseases such as stroke, joint injuries and sleep apnea, and there are many possible types of cancer.
Likewise, it lowers self-confidence and affects the spirit of individuals suffering from obesity by seeing their social relationships affected, "said a nutrition expert.
Doctors are now considered to be a chronic disease that can be endogenous (5 to 10% of cases) caused by dysfunction of some endocrine glands such as thyroid (hypothyroidism), Cushing's syndrome (adrenal glands) Diabetes mellitus, polycystic ovary syndrome or hypogonadism.
"The surgical form (close to 90% of cases) is explained by excessive feeding or specific sitting habits due to" nutritional state changes "
"This is the most common disease and is caused not by the disease itself, but by the habit of causing toxicity to health," he added.
D & # 39; "Obesity rates have doubled in both men and women over the last 30 years," Onofrio said.
According to the latest National Survey of Risk Factors, a doctor recently recalled that over 6 million adults are obese in the United States and over 60% of the Argentine population is overweight.
"In this respect we are in a disadvantageous position in relation to countries such as Chile and Mexico because there is no preventive measure that must be spanned across the various government sectors." According to INADI, in the harsh environment of obesity in Argentina, The cause is that the situation is getting worse because of the lack of proper training courses in the degree course of the professionals who make up the health team. Treat obese patients, "he said.
"Prevention is important in pregnancy and childhood, especially in the first 1000 days of life, proper nutrition is the key to healthy life in the future." Breastfeeding plays an important role, and healthy eating, semi-sedentary activities, It is important to promote a toxic environment, adequate sleep time and emotional control. "
"In fact, international recommendations suggest that the interdisciplinary team should focus on the following issues: from the hypocaloric meal plan to the regular implementation of food reeducation, physical activity and anti-sedentary activities, control of mental health support, "We need to be involved in a variety of activities ranging from the use of an appetite suppressant, a stomach balloon, and bariatric surgery in extreme cases," he added.
In recent years, a double-blind, non-published clinical trial has been conducted with mazindol (an appetite suppressant) as a supplement to weight loss.
The study was conducted with State Police staff who studied for three months with low calorie feeding, physical activity and drug therapy plans.
After that period, the results showed that the group receiving the active mazindol reduced body weight by 8% and decreased body fat with excellent initial results as compared to the group without the drug.
This result is related to reducing the initial weight by 5 to 10%, which reduces the risk, which helps the individual's health and improves quality and life expectancy.