The background information for combined twins is:
The merged twins are physically connected to each other physically at some point.
According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, there are twins that are a pair for every 200,000 born.
About 70% of combined twins are women.
The merged twins are the same – they are the same sex.
Combination The form of twinning refers to the point where twins join. Thoracoscopy (heart, liver, intestines), bronchial tubes (liver, bile tree, intestine), pygopagus (spine, rectum, genitourinary tract), backbone (pelvis, liver, intestine and genitourinary tract) and craniopagus (brain and meninges). (Mayo Clinic)
Scientists think that combined twins can not be separated completely from one fertilized egg.
The term "Siamese twins" originated with Eng and Chang Bunker, and combined twins who were born in 1811 in Siam (now Thailand). They lived up to the age of 63 and appeared in travel exhibitions. Chang and Eng were married to each other and had 21 children.
In 1955 Dr. Harold Voris of Neurosurgery at Mercy Hospital in Chicago conducted the first successful procedure to separate the combined twins connected to their heads.
Rea Watta Block
Peter and Nelly Block was born in Remego, Germany on August 9, 2003. They joined the head.
September 16, 2004 – The girls broke up. Tabea soon dies after that.
Jade and erin buckle
Melissa and Kevin Buckles of the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland, on February 26, 2004. They share the liver.
June 19, 2004 – They were successfully separated.
Tatiana and Anastasia dogaru
On January 13, 2004, he was born in Romania to Romanian parents, Claudia and Alin Dogaru. They are connected to the head.
June 7, 2007 – After the doctors notice that the brain is swollen from one of the women, the scheduled surgery to separate the woman is discontinued.
August 2007 – Physicians at Cleveland's University Hospital Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital have announced they will not isolate girls because surgery is too risky.
Abbigail and Isabelle Carlsen
He was born on November 29, 2005 in Fargo, North Dakota to Amy and Jesse Carlsen. They joined the abdomen and chest.
May 12, 2006 – At the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, a team of 30 people, including 18 specialist surgeons from various specialties, perform successful work to isolate the girls.
Regina and Renata Salinas Pierros
She was born in Sonia Fierros and Federico Salinas in Los Angeles on August 2, 2005. After birth, they face each other and from the bottom of the chest to the pelvis. Regina was born as one kidney.
June 14, 2006 – The twins are separated at the Los Angeles Children's Hospital during the entire day of surgery.
Abygail and Madysen Fitterer
Born August 8, 2006 in Bismarck, North Dakota, Stacey and Resin Peter were born. They are born in the abdomen and share the liver.
January 3, 2007 – Mayo Clinic was separated by surgery.
Presley Faith and Kylie Hof Wells
Stevie Stuart and Kylie Wells were born in Oklahoma City on October 25, 2008. They are attached to the chest and are considered the first Native American Indian twin.
January 19, 2009 – Detached from OU Medical Center Children's Hospital in Oklahoma City. Both survive but are recorded as serious after surgery.
February 19, 2011 – Preslee Faith Wells dies at the Children's Center in Bethany, Oklahoma.
Arthur and Heitor Rocha Brandao
Born in Brazil in April 2009 as Eliane and Delson Rocha. They join the buttocks and share the bladder, viscera, liver and genitals. The twins have only three bridges between them.
February 24, 2015 – A five-year-old twin patient will have 15 hours of labor after months of preparation. Arthur died three days after suffering a heart attack.
Angelica and Angelina Sabucco
Born in August 2009 To Fidel and Ginady Sabuco in the Philippines. They join in the chest and abdomen.
November 1, 2011 – The operation was successfully completed for 10 hours at the Lucille Packard Children's Hospital in San Jose, California.
Hassan and Hussein Ben Harf
On December 2, 2009, Angie and Azzedine Benhaffaf in London were born in East Cork (Ireland). They stick to the chest but do not share major organs.
April 8, 2010 – He undergoes a 14-hour separation operation at Great Ormond Street Hospital. Both survived.
Maria and Teresa Tapia
On April 8, 2010, Lisandra Sanatis and Marino Tapia were born in the Dominican Republic. They join the lower chest and abdomen and share some of the liver, pancreatic glands, and small intestine.
November 8, 2011 – It is successfully separated by 20 hours procedure.
Joshua and Jacobs Petz
Born in Memphis, Tennessee on January 24, 2011 at Adrienne Spates. They have spines attached to the pelvis and vertebrae, each with separate seam, head and limbs.
August 29, 2011 – After 13 hours surgery will be successful.
October 2013 – Jacob Spates disappears. The cause of his death was not disclosed.
Rittal and Rita Gaga.
On September 22, 2010, Abdelmajeed and Enas Gaboura were born in Sudan Khartoum. They joined the head.
August 15, 2011 – After step 4, the operation is successful. There were two surgeries in May, one in July and one in August.
Alison June and Amelia Lee Tucker
Shelley and Greg Tucker were born on March 1, 2012. They are attached to the lower chest and abdomen and share the chest wall, diaphragm, pericardium and liver.
November 7, 2012 – Successfully removed after 7 hours of surgery at Philadelphia Children's Hospital.
A & # 39; zhari and A & # 39; zhiah Lawrence
He was born on October 10, 2012, to Nasser Jones and Carlos Lawrence in Virginia. They join the abdomen in the chest and have a combined liver.
October 25, 2012 – An emergency operation is performed to separate the liver.
April 22, 2013 – After 14 hours of surgery, they are successfully removed.
October 14, 2013 – A & # 39; zhari disappears.
Emmett and Owen Ezell
Jenni and Dave Ezell were born in Dallas on July 15, 2013. They join in the liver and intestines.
August 24, 2013 – Successfully detached.
Knatalye Hope and Adeline Faith Mata
Elysse and John Matta were born in Houston on April 11, 2014. They join the chest and share the liver, endometrium, diaphragm, bowel and colon.
February 17, 2015 – 26 surgeons separate their sisters into a team of 12 surgeons.
Erica and Eva Sandoval
Aida and Arturo Sandoval were born in California on August 10, 2014. They join the lower chest and abdomen and share the liver, bladder, 2 kidneys, and 3 legs.
December 6-7, 2016 – Successfully removed after 17 hours of surgery at Stanford, Rookie Packard Children's Hospital, California.
Acen and Apio Akello
Ester Akello was born on September 23, 2014 in Uganda. They join the hip and pelvis.
September 3, 2015 – After more than 30 medical professionals helped isolate the girl's spinal cord, a 16-hour operation at the Nationwide Children's Hospital in Ohio was successful. Medical professionals used 3D printing to create an anatomical structure similar to a girl to prepare for surgery.
Carter and Corner Mirabal
Born on December 12, 2014 in Jacksonville, Florida, and transferred to Michelle Brantley and Bryan Mirabal. They join the sternum and abdomen and share some of the liver and intestines.
May 7, 2015 – Successfully separated after 12 hours operation at the Wolfson Children's Hospital in Florida.
Scarlet and Simena Torres
Born on May 16, 2015 in Corpus Christi, Texas, Sylvia Hernandez and Raoul Torres. Scarlett and Ximena are connected below the waist to share the bladder with the colon.
April 12, 2016 – Scarlett and Ximena are available for 12 hours at the Driscoll Children's Hospital in Texas.
No, Swad and Paddy McDonald
September 9, 2015 Nicole and Christian McDonald were born in Chicago. They joined the head.
October 13-14, 2016 – Anias and Jadon are successfully separated at the Children's Hospital in Montefiore Medical Center, New York, after 27 hours of operation.
November 8, 2016 – The surgeon told CNN, "If the twins are not ahead of schedule, they are recovering right from the target."
Born July 13, 2017 in Bhutan to Bhumchu Zangmo. They joined the abdomen.
October 10, 2018 – Surgery is postponed to provide additional nutritional support for women.
November 9, 2018 – Dawa and Nima successfully broke after six hours of surgery at the Melbourne Children's Hospital in Melbourne, Australia.