As Mars's newest inhabitants settled in, Planet Earth is studying more than three landers and two or more satellites to join a scientific Mars brigade.
NASA's InSight spacecraft swept the equatorial plain, less than 400 kilometers (640 kilometers) from Curiosity, the only other work robot on Mars.
It's about the streets in San Francisco that have mission control for Pasadena, California, Mars.
Mars – InSight, the eighth successful Mars Lander, must complete two years of excavation and earthquake monitoring until Robert arrives in the US, Europe and China.
NASA's Mars 2020 will have evidence of ancient microbes and find rocks that can be hidden in safe places back to Earth in the early 2030s. It is aimed at the once wet river delta in Jezero Crater.
Europe-Russia ExoMars will drill down to a few yards (m) for chemical fossils to find out possible past lives. In 2016, the spacecraft, which is part of the ExoMars mission, crashed on the red planet.
China Mars 2020 features both satellites and landers. Meanwhile, the United Arab Emirates intends to send its first spacecraft to Mars in 2020. The name of the satellite is Hope, and Amal is Arabic.
Even when NASA returned immediate attention to our moon, our neighboring Mars seems to have a siren song for earthwomen.
Three days after InSight landed, NASA announced a new commercial lunar transfer program. The astronaut selected nine US companies to compete for science and technology experiments on the lunar surface. The first release may be next year.
NASA wants to see what happens on Mars before trying something similar.
Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA's director of scientific missions, said the moon is leading the snail-loading project.
At the same time, NASA is pushing the orbital outpost near the Moon for astronauts under the direction of the Trump Administration. According to NASA's executive director Jim Bridenstine, it will be a stepping stone for moon landing, and will provide important experience before humans take on a two or three year mission to Mars.
Bridenstine plans to travel to Mars for astronauts in the mid 2030s, but admits it is a "very aggressive" goal.
Bridenstine follows InSight's touchdown and says, "Reality is working extensively to reach Mars," he said, "using the moon as a tool to achieve our goals as soon as possible."
Mars said Zurbuchen was an obvious place for "boots on the ground" after the moon,.
Bruce Banerdt of NASA's JetSuppulsion Laboratory, a chief scientist at InSight, said it's a relatively easy approach to make Mars an appealing ride through robotics and human exploration. One-way time is 6 months for every 2 years closest to the planet. The conditions are harsh but relatively friendly. "Without snow, it's like being in Antarctica," Banerdt said.
In addition, Banerdt said that Mars is one of the most likely to find life on the outer planet.
Jupiter's moon Europa may have concealed or held life, but Banterdt said it is difficult to imagine that such a mission could be accomplished in the near future, because it takes so long and takes much longer to reach it.
Banerdt said that the task of saving lives at Europa will happen every decade. It is plausible to fire a robot detector every two years on Mars. He points out that he performs five Mars missions every time in Europa.
Mars currently has two spacecraft, InSight and Curiosity, and six satellites working in the US, Europe and India. The United States is the only country that has successfully landed and operated spacecraft on Mars. Curiosity has roamed the red surface since 2012. NASA's much older obsolete rover was working until June when a global dust storm hit it.
InSight is already offering a stunning picture of "where no one has seen humans", as pointed out by JPL's Michael Watkins, who is geologically deep in Mars but does not seek biological confidentiality. These photos remind us to do this science: "We must be bold and must be explorers."
NASA's Mars 2020 launch window opens on July 17 of that year. The touchdown is February 18, 2021.
Watkins said on Monday's happy day crowd: "Everyone was invited.
Associated Press The Department of Health Sciences is supported by the Science Department of Howard Hughes Medical Institute. AP assumes full responsibility for all content.