to Brian Lada, AccuWeather meteorologist and employee writer
December 26, 2018, 8:37:03 AM, EST
In the new year there will be some notable astronomical events that will be noticeable to many people throughout the United States, including a rare celestial array that will not happen again until the 2030s.
In addition to this big event, there will be three superman, blue moon, several meteor shower and rocket launches in 2019 in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Here are the top five astronomical events for 2019 to show on your calendar.
January 20-21: America's red glowing super blooming eclipse of the Moon
The most astronomical events seen in January happen in mid-January as the moon turns red during the lunar eclipse.
This will be the only lunar year in a year and can be seen in all parts of North America and South America as well as parts of Europe and Africa in early January at night on January 20th.
As the moon passes through the shadows of the earth, it gradually turns red from rusty orange to dark red, giving it a nickname of "Blood Moon".
On January 31, 2018, Santa Monica 's Santa Monica Beach has a few astronomical phenomena known as the Super Blood Moon. (AP Photo / Ringo H. W. Chiu)
The entire eclipse, including partial steps, lasts between 9:36 PM. EST and 2:48 a.m. EST. However, when the moon appears red, the total phase lasts for one hour between 11:41 pm. EST and 12:43 a.m. EST.
This will be the last lunar eclipse anywhere in the world until May 26, 2021.
May 6-7: Halley Comet, Utah Shorebirds Meteor Storm Ignition
Eta Aquarids, one of the best meteor showers in 2019, peaked this spring, surprise viewers around the world.
NASA says, "When the Earth passes the fragmentation traces on the Halley comet (1P / Harley) each year, a bit of the universe is burned in our atmosphere and the annual Eta Aquarid meteor shower occurs."
This meteor shower is preferred to 60 meteors per hour in the Southern Hemisphere, but meteor showers in the Northern Hemisphere can still see up to 30 meteors at maximum time.
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Other meteor showers such as Geminids in December will make more meteors per hour, while Eta Aquarids will be one of the few showers falling during the New Moon this year.
Meteor shower showers are best seen in the crescent moon because of less natural light pollution. This makes it easier to see faint meteors that can not be seen during the full moon.
"The Eta Aquarid is famous for its speed, which travels rapidly to the Earth's atmosphere at about 148,000 mph (66 km / s). The fast meteor is a radiant" train "that lasts from a few seconds to a few minutes Glare of subsequent debris), NASA said.
July 2: Total solar eclipses darken the sky to South America
Since 2017, the first full solar eclipse will be held in July, which will turn nighttime in some parts of South America.
Most of the solar eclipses occur through the empty water in the Pacific Ocean. But it would look across a thin piece of Chile and Argentina.
In this small area, called the road of gunshots, the moon will completely block the sun. The rest of South America can expect partial solar eclipses.
The total solar eclipse blocked the sun from August 21, 2017 in Tennessee. (AccuWeather Photo / Brian Lada)
The next solar eclipse does not occur until December 14, 2020, but can also be seen in Chile and Argentina.
August 12-13: Perseus in the summer semester
On the night of August 12 every year, the Perseus meteor show in the calendar which reaches its peak in early morning on August 13th.
"Perseus meteor shower is often regarded as one of the best meteor showers of the year due to its high speed and pleasant summer temperatures," NASA said.
This year, the Perseus statue will be best shown just before the full moon. However, the meteors associated with Perseids are usually brighter than other meteor showers. Even if there is a full moon light, viewers still need to be able to see many shots.
"We do not need special equipment to look at Perseids, we do not recommend telescopes or binoculars," NASA said.
November 11: Mercury tracks across the sun
Unusual planetary adjustments are held on November 11th and can only be seen around the world, but only by people with the right equipment.
Mercury is a planet that is difficult to find in the sky because it is usually close to the sun, but in November it passes directly between the earth and the sun and appears as a small black dot on the surface of the sun.
This event, known as public transit, does not happen often. Most recently, water traffic was on May 9, 2016 and will not happen again until November 13, 2032.
This image, combined with NASA and ESA observations of the Sun and Heliospheric Observatory, shows the path of mercury during the November 2006 pass. (Sun and Heliospheric Observatory / NASA / ESA through AP)
It is very important to look at the sun while watching the sun because it can permanently damage your eyes when you look at the sun without proper protection.
People with solar filter glasses left over from the Great American Eclipse in 2017 can use it to view this rare incident, but only if it is not damaged.
"If the filter is not scratched, punctured, or torn, it can be reused indefinitely. Some glasses / spectators are warned that they should not look more than 3 minutes at a time and discard glasses if they are over 3 years old. It does not apply to Eclipse viewers who adhere to the ISO 12312-2 standard adopted in 2015, "NASA said.
If you do not have a pair of solar filter glasses, you can place an order online from a reputable business listing, and it can be difficult to buy when the event is approaching, so you should order it several weeks or months in advance.
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