Binita Priyambada Dr
December 3, 2013 10:09 IST
The time of the year when it is fashionable to wear a red ribbon: World AIDS Day.
Ribbon is a show that helps people infected with the AIDS virus. Worldwide population of 36.9 million in 2017. And the fact that the red ribbon has received different degrees in many countries is a way to attract people's attention and damage the immune system with attention to HIV and its causes, risks and proper care.
December 1, 2018 is celebrating its 30th anniversary. World Aid Day, All UN member states have been observing since 1988.
This year's topic:Know your status. Everyone will undergo a medical test to find out if a virus is present and to make a positive diagnosis so that they can be properly diagnosed and treated.
Party Data collected by Following the joint United Nations program on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS) in 2018, followed by South Africa and India, Nigeria has the world's third largest HIV population (approximately 2.1 million).
But India has made steady progress as the pandemic slowed down in 2010-2017. Today, India has the second largest HIV treatment program in the world. During this period, new infections declined by 27% and 56% of deaths from AIDS-related deaths.
However, the infection increased from 8,000 to 88,000 new infections last year, and HIV deaths were almost the same as before.
In 2017,Testing and treatment& # 39; Strategy to address the challenges of HIV according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization. However, it is important to know how HIV and AIDS are related before it becomes the basis of your strategy.
AIDS (Human immunodeficiency virus) infection Viruses are considered serious because they attack types of immune cells (CD4 + cells) that protect the body from all sorts of diseases.
After an individual is infected with HIV, they multiply to infect more cells as well as destroy the infected CD4 + cells. Timely treatment can reduce the viral load of the body, so you can keep your immune system strong.
AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), On the other hand, it is the final stage of HIV and today it can be avoided with the right treatment. During this period, the resistance to infection is low and the risk of developmental disability increases.
While HIV is a virus, AIDS is a health condition. The symptoms of HIV-positive and AIDS victims are significantly different, so proper treatment can almost certainly reduce HIV transmission to AIDS.
How is HIV / AIDS spread?
HIV can affect everyone. The HIV virus can be contacted by infected people not only by sex, but also by the infected mother's blood, semen, vaginal discharge, and even breast milk.
HIV venereal disease. Most HIV is transmitted unprotected. In the case of sexual intercourse, anorexia, or oral intercourse with heterosexual or homosexual persons, there is a risk that the sexual partner of the HIV positive response is not seeking treatment for their condition. It was understood that there was a lower rate of transmission between oral contraception than between the two.
Therefore, sexual intercourse between HIV pros and negatives requires absolute protection. These are physical barriers such as condoms and dental dams (latex patches covering the vagina) and prevention (drugs to prevent HIV-negative people with sex partners in HIV-positive responses). However, this is not a widely known precaution.
India accounted for 86% of new infections caused by STI in 2017 and 2018. Manipur, Mizoram and Nagarand are the three countries with the highest HIV penetration rates.
HIV can be transmitted through blood. For example, transfusions and treatment with infected blood, or reuse or sharing of syringes for IV drug abuse, is a clear and dangerous example of HIV transmission.
HIV also Perinatal infection, During pregnancy, we provide maternity to child, baby birth and breastfeeding. This form of infection has been on the decline and has now fallen from 25% to 2% with curative therapy.
The virus is also found in saliva, sweat and tears. However, the rate of contact with these fluids is much lower. There is no reported case of HIV infection when using the same toilet, shaking hands, or sneezing or sneezing by a mosquito.
Hugs, kisses, and handshakes are warm gestures and people who are infected or not infected can continue to share without worrying about contracting or spreading HIV. You do not need to share a room, clothes, or a cup of coffee with people who are HIV-positive because the virus does not survive outside the warm, energetic environment of a living person.
How to protect yourself from HIV infection
There is no known cure for HIV or AIDS, so taking precautions is essential.
- Every time I use a condom. If you are using lubricating oil, make sure it is moisture-based rather than oil-based. Less sexual intercourse can generally lower the risk of having sexually transmitted diseases, as well as lifelong infections (until the development of therapeutic agents) such as HIV.
- Any needle and tattoo must be handled by an expert. It is important for the provider to ensure that they are using clean (sterile / fresh or just opened) sutures to inject drugs or to collect blood for tattooing or tattooing.
- Should I? Blood or blood component transplantation, Make sure that the laboratory / blood bank tested for HIV (such as other infectious agents such as HBV).
Why "test and treat"?
The first symptoms of HIV infection may appear 2 to 12 weeks after infection.
Some of the prominent symptoms of HIV infection are fatigue, fever, headache or diarrhea. Some may feel pain in the joints or skin rashes, sweat at night or weigh a few kilograms.
Swollen glands and yeast infections can be seen in the mouth or vagina. HIV symptoms can be difficult to distinguish regularly from flu or other viral diseases.
Strangely, infections are rarely visible or not visible at all.
In both cases, if the infection is found early, ART (Anti-Retroviral Treatment) helps AIDS pros to buy not only the infected but also for a long time. Even with AIDS, there is no cure, but ART can significantly increase the number of immune cells in humans, significantly delaying disease spread.
There is also post-exposure prophylaxis (PROP), which helps HIV-positive people reduce their risk after having sex with HIV-positive responders.
So both testing and treatment are very important!
What does HIV risk really mean and should I be tested?
It is important to finish it anyway before you understand the person being tested for HIV. There is no way for a doctor to assess the risk of an HIV-positive person who has not been treated. It is the only way to have regular sexual intercourse with people who commit sexual activity and with all your sexual partners and is the only way to take immediate action if necessary.
There is currently no shortcut or science to accurately predict HIV risk.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, people between the ages of 13 and 64 need to perform this test once as part of a regular check-up.
If any of the following are listed, you will need to undergo regular HIV testing.
- High risk sexual behavior
- If you are a sexually active gay or bisexual partner or partner of one of them
- You can not tell if you have shared a needle with someone who has unprotected sex or is HIV. In this case, you and your partner must be tested within 72 hours of the incident. If a partner is positive, other partners can be provided with proposi- llaxis (PrOP). The PrOP should start within 72 hours and be performed continuously for 28 days.
- If you are pregnant or pregnant
- When injecting a medicine using an injection needle or a syringe
- If you have been diagnosed with hepatitis, tuberculosis or any other sexually transmitted disease or have been treated.
Having AIDS is no longer a death sentence. It is the road to AIDS. Today, HIV-positive people have many treatment options, some of which sell at a lower price than NGOs.
The only hurdle is socio-cultural exchanges where India is still far away. We are still stigmatizing HIV and AIDS. It can take a long time, but there is something that can not be delayed. We need to know where we are. In the case of HIV infection, information is power.
The author is a senior consultant for the medical team at docprime.com.