Thursday , March 30 2023

Healthy Nutrition and Life in the 21st Century – Mission (Impossible)?


Experts believe that functional foods not only maintain optimal human health, but also satisfy healthy eating habits.

Experts believe that functional foods not only maintain optimal human health, but also satisfy healthy eating habits. / Photo by Rita Stankevičiūtė (L)

It is not a mystery that healthy eating is the best way to prevent diseases such as diabetes, stroke, heart disease or even cancer. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), malnutrition and lack of physical activity are now major health threats globally. It does not seem easy. We will eat better and work well, but are you really free?

A study conducted by the European Union (EU) Statistical Office Eurostat in 2016 shows that all six European residents suffer from obesity. This is a serious public health problem as it significantly increases the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and other diseases.

On the other hand, I did not spend enough time on one-fourth of the world's adults, that is, active physical activity. According to scientists, the lack of physical activity is dangerous to humans, as well as smoking, diabetes or heart disease, and can sometimes result in more serious consequences. For 20 minutes a day, you should at least have a walk, jog, swim or other favorite sporting activity.

Some people really make you worry. On November 8th, a healthy eating day in Europe, European countries are trying to reiterate the importance of healthy eating for their health.

Healthy foods: apples, broccoli, walnuts, avocados, dried fruits, olive oil.

"Over the last 20-30 years, food has changed dramatically in Lithuania, with an increase in fast food supplies, for example, and a rise in the number of chocolates containing salt and sugar in large quantities. It is an antibiotic that causes changes and increases the amount of estrogen, "said Professor KTU of Kaunas Institute of Technology," Modern Health Strategy, # student_2018 ", Health Care and Nutrition Specialist Dr. Artūras Sujeta.

What foods are healthy choices today?

The answer to the question of what is healthy food looks simple again. Protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins and other necessary materials to feed the body.

According to A. Sujeta, the diet should include scientists and nutrition experts who use menus useful in human health, such as apples, broccoli, walnuts, avocados, useful dried fruits, and olive oil.

It is very important to use enough fiber for healthy eating, so be sure to use fiber with food. The easiest way to get them is to pick fruits, vegetables or sandwiches with all the pieces of bread for snacks.

A.Sujeta It is a snack recommending that you take care of yourself. "For example, if you drink coffee with milk and sugar, your body treats it as a snack, so you should not eat it for a few hours to normalize your blood sugar because you ate snacks like everyone else."

Scientists also point out that functional foods are dietary foods that are ingested daily with additional physiological effects in the body, apart from nutritional value. These foods contain functional food ingredients during production (active ingredients of these foods are nutritional fiber, polyhedrin, wheat bran, gastrointestinal tract, etc.).

Experts believe that functional foods not only maintain optimal human health, but also satisfy healthy eating habits.

"Functional foods are considered food for the 21st century," says Professor Rimantas Petras Venskutonis, professor of food science and technology at the KTU Department of Food and Technology, KTU School of Food Technology.

How to start sports?

"Compared to the situation 100 years ago, we have reduced our exercise by about four times," Sujeta stresses. Exercise is more physically active than healthy eating. Adults aged 18 to 64 are advised to perform moderate intensity aerobic exercises (such as fast walking, cycling, running) for physical activity or exercise for at least 75 minutes per week for at least 150 minutes for aerobic physical activity.

Healthy lifestyle experts emphasize that older people, whether adults or seniors, must move for everyone and do not require special conditions.

"There is no excuse for not doing sports, and even if a student living in a barracks can go to the courtyard to escape, the basic conditions are sufficient. A Sujeta does not doubt that students who say they can not play are surprised.

The desire and willingness to start a sport with a small goal and investment will not disappear from the first failure of the maximum goal set for that self.

High school students also strive to create favorable conditions for sports for their students. For example, KTU has been active in the "active" sports club during the second year, where free advice on sports and nutrition issues is available.

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