To raise awareness of the world's largest infectious killer, the World Health Organization (WHO) will kill about 51 million children by 2030 with pneumonia until 2030, experts said Monday.
In developed countries, severe lung infections affect mainly the elderly, but in developing countries it is seen that hundreds of thousands of people die every year as preventable diseases.
More than 188,000 children, mostly children under the age of 2, died of pneumonia only in 2016.
According to a new analysis using predictions based on recent trends from Johns Hopkins University and the Save the Children organization, 10.8 million people under the age of five are expected to get sick.
In addition, 1.7 million children in Nigeria and India, 700,000 children in Pakistan, and 635,000 children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo have the largest burden.
But there is good news.
The study, published on World Pneumonia Day, found that a total of 4.1 million people could save lives by expanding existing immunization coverage with affordable antibiotics and maintaining good nutritional status in children.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory infection of the lung that can contract through a virus or bacterial infection, which can be treated if it is caught early and the patient's immune system is not compromised.
But globally, we are hitting weak children with malnutrition that killed more infants each year than combined malaria, diarrhea, and measles.
Kevin Watkins, CEO of Save the Children, said: "Every year, close to one million children are stuck in the belief that they are dying from the diseases we know.
"There are no pink ribbons, world summits or pneumoconiosis, but those who are interested in justice and essential health care for children will be a decisive cause of our era," he said.
The Watkins group, which runs the health program in the worst countries due to the disease, has asked to "dramatically" lower the price of the major pneumococcal vaccines.
2030 is the target date for the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and includes a pledge to end "preventable child mortality" by the end of the next decade.