Monday , December 6 2021

World Health Organization blames abuse of antibiotics


"Superbugs" are fatal, as the World Health Organization warns of the dangerous rise in antibiotic consumption in some countries on November 12, as well as under-consumption in other areas.

WHO report based on collected 2015 data In 65 countries and territoriesShows a significant difference in consumption from four daily doses per 1,000 people in Burundi (DDJ) to more than 64 people in Mongolia.

"These differences make some countries more likely to consume too much antibiotics, while other countries may not have enough of them," the WHO said in a statement.

Antibiotics discovered in the 1920s saved tens of millions of lives effectively fighting bacterial diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis and meningitis.

But for decades, Bacteria have changed to resist these drugs.

WHO has warned several times that the world will use effective antibiotics. Last year, the United Nations specialized agency Develop a new generation of drugs that can fight against resistant "superbugs".

WHO head of Suzanne Hill, WHO head of the WHO, said, "Excessive consumption of antibiotics and underconsumption are major causes of antibiotic resistance.

"Without effective antibiotics and other antimicrobials, we would lose the ability to treat common infections like pneumonia," she warned.

Bacteria can become resistant. When the patient does not need to use antibiotics or does not complete the treatment, This gives bacteria an opportunity to survive and develop immunity.

However, WHO is also concerned about the underdose of antibiotics.

"Resistance can occur in the following cases: Patients can not receive complete medical treatment or access only inferior drugs or bad drugs."He said.

In Europe, the average consumption of antibiotics is 18 DDJ per 1,000 people a day. Turkey (38 DDJ) is almost five times as high as Azerbaijan (8 DDJ).

However, because WHO reports are incomplete For example, in four African countries3 in the Near East and 6 in the Asia-Pacific region.

The main absentees of this study are the United States, China and India.

Since 2016, WHO has helped 57 average and poor countries to collect data to create a standardized system for monitoring antibiotic consumption.

(Including AFP)

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