Thursday , December 3 2020

Why is Egypt's position and policy unchanged? Ibrahim Awad

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Saturday, January 26, 2019 – 7:30 pm
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Saturday, January 26, 2019 – 7:30 pm

Intermediate power states measure their role and status in the regional regime, where their position and influence are weak in the international system. This is due to the fact that it is a basic premise of international relations and that the regional system is a subsystem of the international system. Egypt has advantages that are part of many regional systems, the most important of which are Arabic and African systems. The African system is a very stable system if it can not be achieved as stipulated in the charter, and all the sub-regional systems that exist on the continent are included in the same charter. In the last two weeks, the article mentioned the need to adopt a policy to strengthen Egypt's position in the African system to achieve its ultimate goal for the continent and strengthen its position throughout the international system.
Today's article is about Egypt in the Arab region, its position on issues and issues, and the principles that apply to emerging-nation positions and policies. In discussing this topic, we will talk about the old problems and the recent problems in the present world, especially the conflicts between Palestinian causes and the Gulf region between Saudi Arabia and the UAE. Although the likelihood of success lies in principles and new positions, some of us are curious and why do not the principles and attitudes change if we do not achieve our goals? But as long as the question is legitimate, he will answer that question.
The answer to the question on the Palestinian question is another question. To be able to establish a democratic system by actually recognizing all the work Israel is doing and establishing a political system in which those countries are devoted to development, raise living standards, and participate in policy implementation and monitoring of implementation, Are you planning to promise to be established? The first international recognition of the legitimacy of this merger when Israel merged Jerusalem and the US President transferred the US embassy does not lead to this goal. Is Israel desirous of recognizing the merge of the Golan Heights? Israel's declaration becomes a state to the Jews. Arab Christians and Muslims are citizens who are subjected to official discrimination and forced deportation when official discrimination and conditions are created. Egypt may say that it did not recognize the legitimacy of the Jerusalem merger or the merge of the Golan Heights. This is true, but Israel wishes to declare a Jewish state by professing the merger of Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, strengthening its partnership with Egypt, and announcing the establishment of a small regional organization in Cairo with Egypt, Jordan and Palestinian Authority for the first time Receive compensation for. Eastern Mediterranean. It is noteworthy that this forum occurred during a trapped conflict over gas on the sea front across Lebanon and Israel. The major regional countries that wish to achieve the greatest achievements locally and internationally are responsible for the countries and people of their territories. Fruit exceeds liability costs. Look at the situation of Egypt and Egyptians in at least the last 40 years in the international system and pay attention to the revenues of that position, the position and responsibility of repaying the local debt, and the support of the United States and other countries and international organizations.
A relatively new problem is the conflict in the Gulf region. Instead of suppressing the United States during President Trump's reign, which threatens to flare up in the Gulf region, Israel says it wants to end its resistance to Israeli occupation of Palestinian territory, but wants to perpetuate and legalize it. Two weeks ago in Cairo, this was the speech of US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo at American University. US participation in Saddam Hussein's liberation of Kuwait presented this useful case, expressing his message to the United States "a force for local interests". "Russia and China can save you like this?" He is an ally of the strategic alliance that the Middle East made to fight the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Jordan, Egypt and Iran. Al-Maram does not analyze the speech of the US Secretary of State. Anyway, unlike words scattered all over the place, there is nothing more than a previous line. But first, we wonder if the United States wants to be in the position of differentiation from the US in terms of the international system. , Russia and China, the other side? Egypt is not interested in adhering to one of the three major countries, but is not interested in presenting one to another. Regarding the strategic alliance in the Middle East, the question of how Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt meet with Qatar and whether they like the idea of ​​an alliance is the first encounter with four countries, boycotts and semi-finals in Qatar. What will be the position of Kuwait and Oman on Iran? But what we are concerned about is Egypt's position on the alliance and its impact on the Arab regime. As mentioned in the region for months, Egyptian policy after the royal era is not to join a military alliance in which major powers participate. But perhaps someone has responded, which is also a legitimate response and why does not this policy change? In fact, policies and attitudes can change, and there are many examples. But no one is a virtue of stability and change. Change depends on your interests and goals. What are the interests and goals that Egypt can gain from establishing an alliance? An alliance can only play a secondary role in supporting Egypt's core member states, especially in the Gulf region. Such an alliance would completely destroy the Arab regime and the major institutions of the Arab League, and even stop the peace and security system alternatives in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates can eliminate the Arab League and the Arab League. Their respective oil departments allowed it, and they were able to change the international order quite freely. But can Egypt do it? Egypt is making its own resources. The external cause of this force lies in intangible assets. The local system of Egypt, especially the form and form it invests in, belongs to these intangible assets and intangible assets politically, culturally and socially.
The Arab regional regime, the regime, the main institutions, the Arab League of Nations, the nations of empowerment, and the recent economic summit in Beirut are sorry remarks. But despite this tremendous situation, the Arab regional regime has been the most important source of Egyptian potential power over the last two centuries, with intangible assets and intangible assets. At least he has invested more than he has invested in other regional systems. This is a reality in the reality of the world. The abandonment of this policy is a waste of material and intangible benefits that can be realized in the international system in the mid to long term, which is more than a strategic alliance can gain from short-term and unsustainable profits. Alliance of results.
Imagination based on knowledge and experience is also a force. Egypt needs to reinforce the collective imagination of politicians, intellectuals, scholars and the private sector in order to fundamentally reform the Arab League, create alternative organizations and revitalize the Arab regional system open to the world. Intellectuals, researchers and the private sector do this through consultation and partnership with Egyptian politicians, intellectuals, researchers and private sector experts from other Arab countries.
Only the vigorous Arab regional regime can cooperate equally with other countries in the Middle East to establish justice, peace and cooperation in this region of the world.

Professor of Public Policy at Cairo American University

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