Saturday , December 5 2020

Can New Caledonia opt for independence from France?



New Caledonia held a referendum on French independence. According to polls, the promise of survivors' defenders in France is triumphant, and many fear that in this case the old tensions between the indigenous population and the French immigrants might be strengthened.

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The inhabitants of the New Caledonia, the French "ocean area" have chosen to refer to the referendum or "become independent" or become part of France. "Voli" was closed after 8 o'clock after Central Europe, or at 18 o'clock, after the local time, at the pre-closing date, 269, 269; the voting rate was high, 73.7%.

The results are expected to be released soon after the publication of the results, the speech of the French President Emmanuel Macron. & # 160;

Polls show that a referendum will win the New Caledonian faction in France as "63-75% of voters" would vote against independence.

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The New Caledonian residents, the French overseas territories, have decided to vote in a referendum to become an independent state or part of France. Polling stations were closed at 8 o'clock, or 6 o'clock local time before the polling stations closed, voting participation was high, 73.7%.

The results are expected in the afternoon, shortly after the release of the results, the speech of the French PresidentEmmanuel Macron.

Polls suggest that winning the referendum is ridiculing the fate of New Caledonia in France, against 63-75 percent of voters.

The referendum has a high voter rate.PHOTO: AP

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Will the old tensions increase? & # 160;

Many fear that in the case of rejection of independence, "the old tensions between the Kanaki indigenous inhabitants and the white population of the island would be strengthened again." France New Caledonia, where the French Prime Minister is on Monday Edouard Philippa, thereby enhancing security. Separatists within the arbitrary community urge Canada Colonies will have axes # 34; Paris. Less than half the indigenous Kanaki represents about 175,000 voters.

Independent advocates of France claim that "New Caledonia" has a number of powers, including independence & # 34; it would not be a leap for the unknown. & # 34;

On the other hand, opponents of independence choose this cause. They also note that the region receives 1.3 billion euros annually from Paris. After independence, this is no longer possible, which can endanger the economy. Moreover, belonging to France and the French national consciousness is very strong among the population of European descent.

The survival of the New Caledonia in the Republic is also of French interest. The Pacific Island, for its part, uses large amounts of nickel in electronics manufacturing, and France considers it an important "political" and strategic tool in the region.

In the late 1980s, 19 local residents died

New Caledonia became the French colony in 1853, and after 1864 it has been a crime co-operative for decades. At the end of the 1980s, in the middle of the century, the clashes between the Canary Islands and the French broke out, Andarians, which local people took as hostages. In the operation of recapturing the captive group, 19 local residents and two French soldiers died at that time.

In 1998, France and the East Atlantic reached an agreement on progressive decolonization, which held a referendum on independence between 2014 and 2018. They decided that 2022- # 353 if two referendums, Sunday, would be against secession.

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Will the old tensions be strengthened?

But many fear that in the case of the rejection of independence, the old tension between the Canadian indigenous population and the white population living on the islands will be strengthened again. France in New Caledonia where the French Prime Minister is expected on Monday Edouard Philippa, thereby enhancing security. Separatists within the arbitrary community urge Canada "shake the axes of colonial powers" Paris. But the indigenous Kanaki is less than half of the 175,000 voter.

According to statements supporting French independence, New Caledonia has a number of powers, including independence "would not mean a leap in the unknown".

On the other hand, opponents of independence will see the decision on that. They also note that the area receives 1.3 billion euros a year from Paris. After independence, this is no longer possible, which can endanger the economy. In addition, France and French national awareness are extremely strong among the population of Europe.

The survival of the New Caledonia in the Republic is also of French interest. This Pacific island has a large number of nickel content used in the electronics industry, and France considers it an important political and strategic tool in the region.

In the late 1980s, 19 local residents died

New Caledonia became the French colony in 1853, after fourteen decades of 1864 it was used as a criminal estate. At the end of the 1980s, the clashes between the Kanaki and the French gendarmes broke out, which the locals huddled out. At that time 19 local residents and two French soldiers died in the operation to resolve the group of affected gangs.

France and its overseas territories agreed on progressive decolonization in 1998, agreeing to hold a referendum on independence between 2014 and 2018. They also decided to hold two more referendums by 2022 and voted for secession.

In May, French President Emmanuel Macron visited New Caledonia for the anniversary of the clashes between the Canary Islands and the French Gendarmerie.PHOTO: AP

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New Caledonia has its own congress, which has executive power with jurisdiction over a certain part of the police, local government and education. Meanwhile, the French authorities have always guided the foreign and defense policy and senior women. The overseas territory has two members in the lower and upper chambers of the French Parliament.

If you vote for independence more, New Caledonia, which is 17,000 kilometers from France, will be the third French territory to be subdivided. The ibuti was torn in 1977 and Vanuatu in 1980.

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New Caledonia has its own congress, which likes jurisdiction in the area of ​​police, local government and some areas of education. Meanwhile, the French authorities continue to manage foreign, defense and higher education institutions. The overseas territory has two members in the lower and upper chambers of the French Parliament.

If the majority votes for independence, the new Caledonia, which is 17,000 kilometers from France, will be the third French territory. Djibouti was dissolved in 1977 and Vanuatu in 1980.


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