What can the 1-hour troponin test do?
Myocardial infarction is still the biggest cause of death in Germany. About 49,000 people die each year in this country. Every year, 220,000 patients are treated at a German hospital with a heart attack. There are also many unreported cases. Because all heart attack patients do not know that they are suffering from an infarction. The other patient, on the other hand, mistakenly thinks that there is an infarction in this case. Symptoms are not always clear. The new rapid test now ensures fast and safe treatment for heart attacks.
Supported by the German Heart Foundation, the German Heart Research Foundation (DSHF) successfully tested a new rapid test method called the 1 hour troponin test to diagnose heart failure in 1,500 high-risk patients. This test detects a heart attack within an hour. This is very important for the treatment of affected people.
A heart attack can have many faces.
As a cardiologist in the German Heart Foundation report, heart attacks may appear differently. Many patients complain of burning and heavily chest pain associated with bruising. Others describe their symptoms as painful to the arm, shoulder bones, neck, jaw and upper abdomen from the sternum. You may also have accompanying symptoms such as excessive sweating, nausea, and difficulty breathing. Some patients also have less obvious signs.
Many symptoms associated with heart failure may indicate other illnesses. "If we can diagnose existing diseases quickly and safely, proper treatment will be faster and patients will be more likely to be treated," Dr. Medical school. In a press release on new diagnostics, Willibald Hochholzer. Until now, doctors mainly used electrocardiograms to analyze electrocardiograms. However, this is not the core criterion supporting the diagnosis of heart failure.
Protein complexes show cardiac damage.
The cardiologist explains that they can only make reliable diagnoses using so-called troponin. It is a protein complex that helps the heart to function as a blood pump by contracting the heart muscle cells. If this muscle cell receives too little oxygen as a result of an infarction, troponin is released into the blood. According to the German Heart Foundation, it also occurs in other diseases of the heart, such as pulmonary embolism, septic shock, or certain cardiac arrhythmias. "These patients experience a & # 39; infarction & apos; without type 2 myocardial infarction without vascular occlusion because of the relative lack of oxygen.
Every infarction needs proper treatment.
Myocardial infarction type 1 usually means when the underlying cause is talking about a heart attack after deciding the right treatment. This usually requires immediate re-opening of the affected coronary artery with a balloon, implantation of the stent and treatment as soon as possible. "This test works perfectly well for heart failure, even in high-risk patients," Professor Koh summarized the test results.
How does the 1-hour troponin test work?
This test measures the presence of troponin in the blood. The so-called one-hour troponin diagnostic algorithm recognizes within one hour whether a heart attack actually exists. A new test is recommended in the current guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) for patients with suspected heart failure. The test should be improved in a way that can distinguish between type I myocardial infarction and type II myocardial infarction. (VB)