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Measles is increasing rapidly. Last week, the United States recorded 90 cases, the second outbreak of this year in 20 years.
To date, the United States has identified 555 measles and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced on Monday. This is about a quarter of what we do by 2019, but it is 50% higher than the total recorded last year.
And the virus does not slow down.
"Many cases are accelerating," said Amanda Cohn, senior advisor to the CDC vaccine. "We have recorded one of the most measles cases since the disease was removed in 2000."
Cohn says most cases are related to an outbreak in New York.
"This is a very important outbreak," she says. "Although this case was imported from other countries, measles is spreading throughout the community because of the low immunization coverage in this community."
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Last week, New York City declared a public health crisis in a super orthodox community in the Williamsburg area of Brooklyn. The City Health Department requires parents to immunize their children or be fined $ 1,000.
The CDC pointed to four outbreaks in the United States. Clark County, Wash .; Oakland County, Mich .; Two counties in New Jersey; There are a small number of counties throughout California.
Health officials have two main reasons for the surge in this virus: more international travel and lower vaccination rates.
Measles is occurring in many countries around the world. Since the fall of Madagascar, more than 100,000 have been recorded and 1,200 people have died. Ukraine has about 37,000 cases this year. And the European Union (EU) counts about 1,000 in a month.
Globally, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that the incidence of measles in the first quarter of 2019 was almost four times higher than that reported last year.
Cohn says more Americans are taking their measles home after they have traveled abroad. When disease becomes a major issue, there is more opportunity for scaffolding, as immunization rates in some areas fall below 93-95%, the threshold needed to protect the entire community.
Herminia Palacio, head of the New York City Department of Health and Human Services, told an NPR on Wednesday: "If you decide not to vaccinate your child, you will understand that you make the decision to the people around you.
Measles can be a very serious disease. Approximately 25% of infected children are hospitalized. Approximately 10% of children are infected with the ear and can cause permanent hearing damage. If one out of every 1,000 cases is infected, it is life-threatening. In this case, the virus moves to the brain, causing encephalitis and convulsions. Children can remain deaf, visually impaired, or intelligent.
Before the measles vaccine was developed in the 1960s, the United States recorded almost half a million cases each year, the CDC says. About 48,000 children were hospitalized and about 500 people died in a year.
"We think that 2000 years have eliminated measles from the country and removed the virus's memory," said Paul Offit, Ph.D., a childhood hospital in the Philadelphia Children's Hospital. "People do not remember how they can make you sick."