Immunologist Anthony Fauci, one of the most respected figures in the field in the United States, explained on Monday that the first results of the American Institute Moderna’s vaccine against COVID-19 were impressive.
Fauci told AFP, “I have to admit that I will be happy with the effectiveness rate of 70% or up to 75%.”
“The fact that we are 94.5% effective in vaccines is surprisingly impressive.” “It was a really amazing result, and I don’t think anyone expected it would be so good.”
The scientist is the head of the U.S. National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases, which began co-development of the vaccine in January, shortly after the Chinese authorities passed on the genetic sequence of the novel coronavirus.
The vaccine is based on the latest technology consisting of: When cells insert genetic instructions into the body to make antigens Causes the immune system reaction with the coronavirus.
“Many people had doubts about this method, which had not yet been tested,” Fauci recalled. “Some of us have even been criticized.”
The results of the Moderna vaccine mean a 94.5% reduction in the risk of COVID-19 among the vaccinated groups in a large clinical trial conducted in the United States in 30,000 people.
A preliminary analysis of the first case confirmed that 90 participants in the placebo group were infected by 5 people in the vaccination group.
None of the people who have been vaccinated are serious
“We had 11 serious cases, not in the immunization group and 11 in the placebo group. Thus, the question of whether a vaccine is used to prevent serious forms of the disease has been resolved. Is undoubtedly trueSaid Fauci.
It is not yet clear how long the vaccine will last, and only time will tell. Fauci is confident that this period will be important. But “we don’t know it might be 1, 2, 3, 5 years. We don’t know.”
However, if the levels of efficacy are the same in the general population, as in clinical trials, it will be one of the most effective vaccines comparable to measles, with two doses of 97% efficacy and according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, flu (recent 19 to 60%).
Alliance between Pfizer in the US and BioNTech in Germany Already last week announced a vaccine with 90% effectiveness Fight against covid-19 with the same technique.
“Data speaks for itself. When there are two vaccines like this one that have proven to be more than 90% effective, I think this technique has nothing to prove. “Fauci said.
However, immunologists recall that “there is a long way to go” to vaccinate the population, and were concerned about the number of people opposed to the vaccine in the United States, most affected by the epidemic.
“Vaccine sentiment is important in this country,” he said. “If no one is vaccinated, a highly effective vaccine is useless, so you need to be able to overcome it and convince people to get vaccinated.”