According to a study published in the CMAJ, children's diabetes is more likely to occur when they experience gestational diabetes mellitus.
Early detection of diabetes is important for children and adolescents. About one-quarter of the diagnoses are in the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis, a life-threatening complication of diabetes. A researcher at the McGill University Health Center in Canada has conducted extensive research with a link between maternal gestational diabetes and childhood diabetes.
Children's Diabetes Probability
Results from the McGill University Health Center Research Institute Dr. Caher Dasgupta, a clinical scientist at the Center for Research and Evaluation (CORE), explains: "If parents have type 1 and type 2 diabetes, we show that gestational diabetes can be a risk factor for diabetes before the age of 22," she said.
A study of 73,180 mothers compared data on randomized single births for women with gestational diabetes mellitus and data on births for women without gestational diabetes mellitus.
The incidence of new cases per 10,000 person-years of diabetes was 4.5 children born to mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus and 2.4 mothers who were not pregnant.
Children or teens with mothers with gestational diabetes were almost twice as likely to develop diabetes as before the age of 22. The association was found in children from birth to 22 years, from birth to 12 years, and from 12 to 22 years.
Are pregnant women with gestational diabetes related to diabetes in children?
"The link between diabetes and the mother's gestational diabetes child and adolescent has the potential to stimulate clinicians, parents, children and adolescents," Dasgupta added.
She concluded that it is important for researchers to consider the possibility of diabetes if the offspring of a mother with gestational diabetes show signs and symptoms such as frequent urination, abnormal thirst, weight loss or fatigue.