(New York) – Dr. : Tiffany Truong
If you get sick when you eat "bad" food, you may run into Norovirus.
Sometimes called "gastroenteritis" or "gastrointestinal flu" although it is not related to the flu. The norovirus, which causes food poisoning in the United States, causes between 19 million and 21 million infectious vomiting and diarrhea each year.
The onset of Norovirus can affect anyone. For example, after 475 passengers were infected earlier this month, cruise travel was almost never over, which was easier due to ship boundaries.
What is norovirus?
Norovirus is a highly contagious virus that causes gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach. It can be infected to people of all ages and can have multiple infections because there are many different strains.
Infection can cause people to experience symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Typically, these symptoms occur within 12 to 48 hours after exposure and disappear within 1 to 3 days. However, children, the elderly, and people with other illnesses are more likely to have symptoms because of the risk of dehydration from infection.
The outbreak can occur all year round but occurs more often from November to April.
How can I get Norovirus?
Norovirus is transmitted by all kinds of contacts that cause the virus to enter the mouth. Touch the infected surface and then touch your mouth or take contaminated food or water and bring it directly from contact with others. It is often found in places with many people, and the most common places where the outbreak occurs are in health care facilities, restaurants, schools or child care centers. Cruise ships are only 1% of the total.
How to prevent and treat Norovirus infection
If you think there is a possibility of infection, drink plenty of water and drink. Antibiotics do not help because antibiotics are viral. Antibiotics only work with bacterial infections. Most importantly, avoid contact with others and wash your hands frequently.
Clean dirty clothes and handle dirty items with care. Do not prepare food for others and disinfect contaminated surfaces with bleach. You are infectious from the moment you begin to feel sick to the first few days after you recover. If you suspect the disease in your community, you should contact your state or local health department.
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